PCOS & PCOD : They Aren’t The Same!

Is PCOD the same as PCOS? Many women are confused about the two and frequently use them interchangeably, especially when trying to comprehend the relationship between PCOS & PCOD.

Despite the similarities, such as being tied to the ovaries and producing hormonal disruptions, these illnesses are distinct.

Let's take a deeper look at these two conditions and see what distinguishes them.

PCOD:

Every month, each of a woman's ovaries releases one egg alternately. Androgens, or male hormones, are produced in minute amounts by the ovaries.

PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease) is a condition in which the ovaries produce a large number of immature or partially-mature eggs that develop into cysts.

Abdominal weight gain, irregular periods, male pattern hair loss, and infertility are all prevalent symptoms.

PCOS:

The ovaries produce higher levels of androgen than typical in women with PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome), which interferes with egg formation and release.

Cysts are little sacs filled with liquid that emerge from some of the eggs. Rather of being discharged after ovulation, these cysts accumulate in the ovaries and can potentially expand.

CAUSES OF PCOD & PCOS:

There are no known causes for PCOS, but the following factors may have a role:

Excess androgen: Excess androgen produced by the ovaries can induce hirsutism and acne.

Insulin overproduction: The insulin hormone regulates blood sugar levels in the human body. The blood sugar level rises when human cells grow resistant to the action of insulin.

As a result, the body produces too much insulin to keep the blood sugar level in check.

Excess insulin production leads to an increase in the production of androgens, which are male hormones that are produced in much lower amounts in females. Ovulation is hampered by increased androgen production.

Heredity: There may be a hereditary link between your family medical history and PCOS.

Low-grade inflammation: Women with PCOS have low-grade inflammation, which can cause polycystic ovaries to release androgens.

SYMPTOMS OF PCOS & PCOD:

The following are the most prevalent PCOS & PCOD symptoms:

# Periods that are irregular

The uterine lining is not shed every month due to a lack of ovulation. Heavy bleeding is common in women with PCOS who have fewer than eight periods per year or none at all.

Because the uterine lining develops over a longer length of time, your periods may be thicker than usual.

# Unusual hair growth

Hair grows on the face and body of more than 70% of women with this disorder, including the back, belly, and chest. Hirsutism is the term for excessive hair growth.

# Acne

Male hormones can induce breakouts on the face, chest, and upper back by making the skin oilier than usual.

What are the differences between the two situations?

The nature of the problem: PCOS is a significant disorder. PCOD isn't regarded a true disease because it may be controlled with the appropriate diet and exercise. PCOS, on the other hand, is a hormonal imbalance.

Causative factors

PCOD is a condition caused by a hormonal imbalance, while Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine system issue. Hormonal imbalances and genetics are thought to play a key influence in both conditions.

High quantities of male hormones, according to the notion, prohibit the ovaries from creating hormones and eggs correctly.

Excess testosterone production has also been linked to insulin resistance and inflammation.

World familiarity

    In comparison, PCOD is more prevalent. Polycystic Ovarian Disease affects nearly one-third of all women worldwide. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome has a smaller patient population.

    Concluding Note:

    To prevent and treat hormonal imbalances and illnesses, it is critical to maintain excellent health. Take care of your diet and include nutritious food in the meals.

    Exercise regularly to formulate the hormones and stay fit. Most of the conditions are related to weight, so it’s important for a woman suffering from PCOS & PCOD to lose weight. 

    The most effective treatment for PCOD and PCOS is early identification and taking the necessary steps to conquer the condition and make the route to treatment successful.

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